Destination: Mai chau village - Hoa Binh Mountains
Mai Chau is located in Hoa Binh province, approximately 135 km from Hanoi and 60 km from Hoa Binh. Hoa Binh is a mountainous province located in the North. It is bordered by Son La in the West, Phu Tho and Ha Tay in the North, Ha Nam and Ninh Binh in the East, and Thanh Hoa in the South. The culture of Hoa Binh combines six minorities first and foremost the Thai with their own languages, traditional literature, and festivals
Hoa Binh is a culture of many ethnic groups, with over 60% Muong people. Muong culture and those of other ethnic groups have been incorporated and formed distinctive features of Hoa Binh Culture. Ethnic colours of Hoa Binh culture include brass drum, Cong Chieng, Epics, culture of feeding, housing and dressing and other cultural diversification.
There are 112 brass drums discovered in Hoa Binh at present. In the old day, brass drum was highly regarded. It was used as a music instrument and in great part of important festivals and ceremonies: sacrificial offering to the God, praying for rain, gauds and burial rites. Brass drum was a symbol of power, wealth and influence. The sound of brass drum was order urging the army onward when the country was invaded by enemies, burial belonging of the dead. For this reason, brass drum has social and religious meaning.
Cong Chieng presents in all activities of the community: “sac bua”, wedding, funeral, hunting, wood pulling, new hocelebration, trance festival, time of natural calamities and enemy-inflicted destruction. Especially in Hoa Binh spring festival, there go Cong guid and Chieng guid to wish everyone Happy New Year (called “Sac Bua” Guid). In folk cultural activities, distinguished by De Dat and De Nuoc epic that describes and explains the original of universe, human and all beings with spiritual and legendary conceptions.
Muong people in Hoa Binh live on piled houses that were legendarily called as Rua houses including 4 roofs 3 stories according to the old conception on 3 layers and 4 universes of Muong ethnic group. It was in Muong land that exist a strange calendar called called as Sao Doi: one day backward and 3 months forward. In drinking and eating, Can wine and steamed rice were daily food of the old Muong people. Muong women are well dressed in fine and precise embroidered skirts like designs on the surfaces of Dong Son brass drums. Thai ethnic group live on piled houses as Muong ethnic group but they are larger and more methodical.
Their costumes are multiform and extremely original with birds, beasts, vegetation and sun. Their waist-bands and Pieu handkerchief are two perfect works of art. Thai ethnic group has many festivals with distinctive colors: Firing festival, wedding, new rice festival, throwing braid ball, and dancing with fans. Thai stretching dance is of the most attractive. Being treated with steamed fish and bitter bamboo sprouts in Thai villages, you are surely their distinguished guests. Many Thai villages in Mai Chau have attracted and astonished visitors by its natural beauty and original life style of Thai people.
Meanwhile, in giving birth to any baby, Dao people usually organize for offerings to pray for its growth in mutual love and compassion. Jump Tet is another original culture of Dao people, it is held in several families but regarded as common Tet of local inhabitants. They all eat, drink and dance cheerfully in 3 consecutive days.
Coming on this occasion, visitors will find hard to refthe enthusiastic invitation of the host, only when you have fully eaten and drunk do they let you to leave.
All Private transportation and transfers with well-trained drivers
Homestay in Thai ethnic villages ( Very Rustic- Clean with hot water, use for tourist)
Meals As in detailed itinerary - Home cook ( B= Breakfast, L= Lunch and D= Dinner)
English speaking guide
Relevant permits and fees
Tips and gratuities
Other Drinks (in local family such as beer, wine..)
DAY 1: HANOI-MAI CHAU- POONG COONG
Depart from Hanoi this morning and heading the north west for Mai chau and Hoa binh mountain, some 3hours away from Hanoi, on arrival to the village of Thai people at Poong coong village, relax and take a walking tour to visit the village and people, a great chance to learn of how people live.
Lunch is served by a local Thai family.
PM: Start our hiking to visit some near by villages such as Xo, Lac the home of Thai ethnic people.
Dinner will be served at around 07.00 PM and if there is any music and dancing show by local band, will be great chance to join with.
Overnight in Poong coong (L/D)
DAY 2: HANG KIA H'MONG VILLAGES- HANOI
Have breakfast at local home stay and next will be free on your own of sightseeing the village.
After lunch will heading for visiting the village of H'mong ethic group in Hang Kia.
H’Mong ethnic group is residing on high mountain tops. Their clothes are designed in unusual patterns. It is practice of H’Mong men to “catch” wife-a very interesting custom and a consent to enhance the value of local girls. H’Mong people are the inventor of Cu Quay-a lively game attracting many participants. Pan-pipe playing and dancing convey many emotions and present a unique culture. Pan-pipe is a confidant of H’Mong people that has been imprinted in each habit and lifestyle of H’Mong people. tour ends, drive back Hanoi and arrival at late afternoon.(B/L)
Some pictures of Mai Chau Villages
Mai Chau village, Hoa Binh
Thai dancing in Mai Chau
Village of Thai ethnic in Hoa Binh
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